Improvement of conditions for local mobility by walking and cycling in one of the central quarters of Munich

The City of Munich initiated a pilot project in one of the central quarters of the town which aims at improving the mobility on foot, by bike, by inline skates or scooters and by public transport (especially by bus). Following the status analysis of the planner, the project placed emphasis on involving the inhabitants with the objective of identifying their problems and of finding the right solutions to improve walking and cycling etc. with simple measures.

Background & Objectives

The “Stadtviertelkonzept Nahmobilität” (quarter concept for local mobility) was initiated within the framework of the "Bündnis für Ökologie" (alliance for ecology) in Munich. The objectives were to realize an attractive city of short distances, to take into consideration all environmentally friendly mobility forms at the same time and to find solutions for conflicts of aims between them. The target groups were older people, children and families, women, pedestrians, cyclists, users of public transport and young people with kick boards and inline skates.


The implementation was possible, because the pilot project was politically motivated as one result of the Munich Alliance for Ecology. It focused on small and lean measures and had thus a better chance of implementation because of lower costs. For greater measures it was helpful to search for political support of the district council.

The planning process started with a review of the target groups and relevant stakeholders to reach and to involve, followed by a review of the experts' status analysis and ended with a review of the project time table.

The Department of City Planning and Building Regulations of Munich engaged stadt+plan (Paul Bickelbacher, expert for traffic and town planning) and KOMMA.PLAN (Kerstin Langer, expert for citizen participation) for this pilot project which was funded by the Supreme Building Authority at the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior.

Marketing and dissemination were provided by a presentation of the project at international conferences, for students, in seminars and further trainings. In addition a flyer was distributed with the most important outcomes 7 years after the project start.

The project started with a kick-off-meeting, where the present inhabitants of  Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt could mark problems on a big map of the district. During the following two months, interested people could mark and describe their problems and solution proposals on a map inside a flyer, which they found in the library or the next bakery.

They could also join one of the district excursions on foot, by bike and on skates/ scooters or by bus. In addition they could give their remarks by phone, fax or email. About 550 critical points were mentioned this way.

Meanwhile, the planner made a status analysis of the whole district. With 15 plans he characterized a lot of the aspects of walking, cycling, skating and going by bus. The most important issues were concentrated in a focus analysis for every mode of transport.

All the problems were processed for discussions in two citizen juries (Bürgerforen). One of these was for the relevant stakeholders, who had already had a very active part in past discussions about environmentally friendly mobility or who were important multiplicators in the district.

For the other citizen jury, the participants were invited with the help of a random selection, so  it was possible to get a greater spectrum of opinions. During the jury sessions, the citizens discussed what would be a good solution and which measures should be taken first.

They worked on their own with a list of measures, discussed in small groups and argued with members of the city administration during the plenum of the workshops. The results were summarized in a citizen report which was handed over to the (third) mayor of Munich.

With the inputs of this citizen report, the planner worked out a final report with a table of measures to be realized. The city administration examined these proposed measures. The result was that 54 % of them can be realized, 9 % are still under examination and 37 % can not be realized. Until now many things have already been done.

The introduction of parking space management and a new bus line were very important. A lot of other measures were realized such as traffic lights for pedestrians, bike lanes, contra-flow cycling in one way streets, more trees, better street lighting etc. Many more measures will be realized over the next years. All the measures were communicated to the citizens in a final flyer.

Challenges and obstacles were to coordinate at least three municipal departments for discussing the measures and to handle a lot of mobility aspects at the same time and multi-modally. It was also difficult to reach people and motivate them to engage in the participation process.


For the final flyer, a conclusion had to be drawn by the city administration and the external planner on how many measures had already been implemented, how many could be implemented, how many were still in examination and how many measures could not be implemented.

The effects of citizen juries were as follows:

  • Low barriers to participate, so you do not always get  the „same faces“ in discussions („professional citizen“)
  • More than collecting critique and ideas: time to discuss conflicts of aims and time to evaluate measures in a greater context instead of a single evaluation
  • Feedback possibility for politicians before implementing measures concerning the whole district (e.g. parking space management)
  • Bundling of citizen requests (Bürgeranträge) and evaluation in a sensible context

Recommendations for further projects, concerning cooperation with administration and public participation:

  • Mobility for short distances needs cross-departmental cooperation and sufficient human resources in the building and regulation departments to handle the project
  • Work closely together with administration and local district councils at the earliest possible stage
  • Local meetings and direct communication accelerate the process and avoid misunderstandings
  • Look for synergy effects:
    • Combination with other development programmes which have a focus on public participation (e.g. “Soziale Stadt” / Social City)
    • Combination with upcoming investments / reconstructions / redevelopments that support a prompt implementation
  • Strive for the possibility of an „immediate measures programme“ to make little steps of success visible
  • Search for contacts to the relevant target groups in the district because you profit from multiplicators, existing networks and organization structures
  • Make district excursions, because they provide you with a lot of authentic information (take weather into consideration!)
  • organize citizen juries, because you get more information and arguments, focus on greater points of discussions, important rankings, not on small measures

The major factors of success were the broad participatory process, a good planning expertise (status analysis, etc.) and political support.

The project is almost finished. 9 % of the recommended measures are still under examination

Contact Person
Mrs. Kerstin LANGER
Firm: Kommaplan
Address: Georg-Kerschensteiner-Straße 28, 81829 - München, Germany
Phone: +49-89 90-93 68-18

The AENEAS project is supported by:
Inteligent Energy
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It does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Communities.
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